Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA) Scientific report
The assessments in Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA) represent an important milestone in the study of climate change and its impacts. The report examines changes in snow cover, temperatures, glaciers, ice caps, permafrost and sea ice. A key finding is that virtually all parts of the arctic's frozen regions are being affected by increases in temperature. Released in April 2012, the report is the result of many years of work, and includes contributions from a diverse range of institutions. Nordpil assisted in preparing graphics and data research. The report is available from AMAP.